As late as the 1930s, U.S. war planners were still drawing up “worst-case scenario” schemes to conquer Canada. War Plan Red, one of several colour-coded war plans created after the First World War, laid out plans for a full seizure of Canada to be kicked off with a poison gas attack on Halifax. (via U.S., Mexico say there are no current plans to invade Canada | Canada | News | National Post)
- When prime minister Pierre Trudeau moved 10,000 soldiers into Montreal during the 1970 Front de libération du Québec crisis, U.S. troops were massed along the New York state border, according to Leslie Bennett, a former Mountie who worked in counter-espionage.
- In 1985, Canadian suspicions were raised once again when the U.S. reactivated the 10th Mountain — a Second World War-era cold-weather fighting division — and based it in Fort Drum, N.Y., only an hour’s drive from Kingston, Ont.
- “By their capability, the new forces at Fort Drum are a threat to Canada. They are assault troops designed to spearhead an attack. These are not defensive forces,” reads a summary of a 1993 lecture delivered by Floyd Rudmin, a Queen’s University law professor.
- Canadian and U.S. officials dismissed his theory. “Tell me, which Eskimo tribe [are] we are going to invade?” Eugene Carroll, a retired U.S. rear admiral, told the Toronto Star at the time.